What is Fondue? Everything You Need to Know

If you’ve never tried fondue before, you’re missing out on a delicious and unique dining experience. Here’s everything you need to know about this Swiss dish that has become popular worldwide.

What is Fondue?

Fondue is a popular dish that originated in Switzerland and has now spread all around the world. It is a dish that is perfect for sharing and is typically served in a communal pot with bite-sized pieces of bread, meat, and vegetables for dipping

The Origins of Fondue

Fondue originated in Switzerland as a way to use up stale bread and cheese during the long winter months. The word “fondue” comes from the French word “fondre,” which means to melt. The dish became popular in the 1930s and has since spread to other parts of the world.

What is Fondue Made Of?

Fondue is typically made with a blend of cheese, wine, and seasoning. The most common type of cheese used in fondue is Gruyere, but other cheeses like Emmental and Raclette can also be used. The cheese is melted in a pot over a low flame and served with bite-sized pieces of bread, meat, and vegetables for dipping.

Most Popular Types of Fondue

1. Cheese Fondue

Cheese fondue is the most well-known type of fondue. It is made by melting cheese with wine, garlic, and other spices. Bread is typically used as the dipping item, although vegetables and meats can also be used. Cheese fondue is a great appetizer or main dish, and it pairs well with white wine.

2. Chocolate Fondue

Chocolate fondue is a sweet treat that is perfect for dessert. It is made by melting chocolate with cream and other flavorings, such as vanilla or liqueurs. Fruit, marshmallows, and cake are popular dipping items for chocolate fondue. It pairs well with red wine or champagne.

3. Meat Fondue

Meat fondue is also known as fondue bourguignonne or hot pot. It involves cooking small pieces of meat in a pot of hot oil or broth. The meat can be beef, chicken, pork, or seafood. Vegetables and dipping sauces are often served alongside the meat. Meat fondue is a great main dish and pairs well with red wine.

4. Dessert Fondue

Dessert fondue is similar to chocolate fondue, but it uses a wider variety of sweet dips. For example, caramel, marshmallow, and peanut butter are popular dipping items for dessert fondue. It can be served as a sweet appetizer or a dessert course.

5. Beer Fondue

Beer fondue is a popular type of fondue in Germany. It is made by melting cheese with beer and spices. It is typically served with bread and pairs well with German beer.

6. Asian Fondue

Asian fondue is a type of hot pot that is popular in China, Japan, and other Asian countries. It involves cooking meats, seafood, and vegetables in a pot of boiling broth or water. Dipping sauces are served alongside the food. Asian fondue is a great way to experience a variety of flavors and textures.

How to Make Fondue at Home: Step-by-Step Guide

1. Choose Your Fondue Pot

The first step in making fondue at home is to choose your fondue pot. You can use a traditional fondue pot that uses a flame to keep the cheese or chocolate melted or an electric fondue pot that uses a heating element. Make sure to choose a pot that is big enough to hold all the ingredients and dipping items.

2. Select Your Ingredients

The next step is to select your ingredients. For cheese fondue, you’ll need good quality cheese, such as Gruyere or Emmental, as well as white wine, garlic, and other spices. For chocolate fondue, you’ll need high-quality chocolate, cream, and other flavorings, such as vanilla or liqueur. For meat or Asian fondue, you’ll need a good quality broth or oil, as well as meat, seafood, and vegetables.

3. Prepare Your Ingredients

Before starting, make sure to grate the cheese and chop any vegetables or meat. For chocolate fondue, chop the chocolate into small pieces. For meat fondue, slice the meat into small pieces and marinate it in your favorite spices.

4. Melt Your Ingredients

Once your ingredients are ready, it’s time to melt them in your fondue pot. For cheese fondue, start by heating the white wine and garlic until it begins to simmer. Then, gradually add the cheese and stir until it’s fully melted. For chocolate fondue, heat the cream in the pot and then add the chocolate, stirring constantly until it’s fully melted. For meat or Asian fondue, heat the broth or oil until it’s hot, and then add the meat and vegetables to cook.

5. Prepare Your Dipping Items

While your fondue is melting, prepare your dipping items. For cheese fondue, bread is the most common dipping item, but you can also use vegetables or meats. For chocolate fondue, fruits, marshmallows, and cake are popular choices. For meat or Asian fondue, prepare dipping sauces and chop additional vegetables for dipping.

6. Enjoy Your Fondue

Once your fondue is ready, it’s time to enjoy it with your dipping items. Make sure to keep your fondue pot heated throughout your meal, and stir it occasionally to prevent it from separating. Fondue is a social dish, so enjoy it with family and friends while chatting and dipping.

Fondue Etiquette

Fondue is typically served in a communal pot, and there are some rules of etiquette to follow. Use a long-handled fork to dip your food into the pot, and avoid double-dipping or touching the food with your fingers. It’s also considered impolite to drink from the communal wine bottle or to leave the last bit of cheese or chocolate in the pot. Here are some Fondue Etiquette tips for a much better experience:

1. Don’t Double-Dip

It is considered impolite to double-dip in a communal fondue pot. Take one dip at a time, and place the dipped item on your plate before taking another.

2. Use a Fondue Fork

Use a fondue fork, which is longer than a regular fork, to dip and swirl your food in the fondue pot. This helps to prevent accidents and keeps the food sanitary.

3. Stir the Pot

Occasionally stir the fondue pot to prevent the cheese or chocolate from burning and to keep the mixture smooth.

4. Keep it Moving

Keep the fondue pot moving around the table, so everyone has a chance to reach it. Don’t hog the pot or keep it in one spot.

5. Watch the Heat

Fondue pots can get hot, so be careful when reaching for items or stirring the pot. Use the pot holder provided to move the pot if needed.

6. Don’t Overcrowd the Pot

Don’t overcrowd the fondue pot with too many items at once. This can cause the cheese or chocolate to become thick and lumpy.

7. Eat at a Leisurely Pace

Fondue is meant to be enjoyed at a leisurely pace, so take your time and savor each bite. Don’t rush through the meal or finish all the cheese or chocolate before others have had a chance to enjoy it.

Pairing Wine with Fondue

Wine is an important part of the fondue experience, and there are certain types of wine that pair well with different types of fondue.  Here are some tips to help you choose the perfect wine to pair with your fondue.

1. Pair White Wine with Cheese Fondue

White wine pairs best with cheese fondue. A crisp, dry white wine like Chardonnay or Sauvignon Blanc can cut through the rich and creamy cheese, balancing the flavors.

2. Pair Red Wine with Meat Fondue

If you are having meat fondue, a bold and full-bodied red wine like Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah pairs well. These wines can stand up to the strong flavors of the meat.

3. Consider Regional Pairings

Consider pairing your fondue with a wine from the same region as the dish. For example, if you are having a Swiss cheese fondue, consider pairing it with a Swiss wine like Fendant or Chasselas.

4. Choose a Dry Wine

When pairing wine with fondue, it’s best to choose a dry wine. Sweet wines can overpower the flavors of the dish and make it taste too sweet.

5. Experiment with Different Wines:

The best way to find the perfect wine to pair with your fondue is to experiment with different wines. Try different varieties and see which one you like best.

6. Serve Wine at the Right Temperature

Serve your wine at the right temperature to bring out its flavors. Red wines should be served slightly below room temperature, while white wines should be served chilled.

Where to Find Fondue

Fondue can be found in many restaurants and cafes worldwide, especially in Switzerland and other parts of Europe. Here are some places where you can find fondue:

1. Swiss Restaurants

Fondue is a Swiss dish, so it’s no surprise that Swiss restaurants are a great place to find it. These restaurants specialize in traditional Swiss cuisine, including cheese and chocolate fondue.

2. French Restaurants

French cuisine also features fondue, especially meat and seafood fondue. French restaurants are a good place to find these types of fondue.

3. Specialty Food Stores

Many specialty food stores carry fondue kits that include everything you need to make fondue at home. These kits come with the cheese, bread, and other ingredients necessary to make a delicious fondue.

4. Wine Bars

Wine bars often serve cheese fondue as a snack to go with their wines. These establishments are a great place to enjoy a glass of wine and some fondue with friends.

5. Online Retailers

There are many online retailers that sell fondue pots, fondue sets, and other fondue accessories. These retailers also carry a wide variety of cheeses, chocolates, and other ingredients necessary to make fondue at home.

6. Local Markets and Fairs

Local markets and fairs often feature food vendors that serve fondue. These events are a great way to sample different types of fondue and discover new flavors.

7. Ski Resorts

Many ski resorts, particularly those in Switzerland and other Alpine regions, feature fondue as a popular après-ski dish. After a long day on the slopes, skiers can enjoy a warm, hearty bowl of cheese fondue.

8. Fondue Restaurants

There are also restaurants that specialize in fondue, serving a variety of different types of fondue in a cozy and intimate setting. These restaurants often offer a wide range of dipping options, including bread, vegetables, meats, and fruits.

9. Gourmet Food Shops:

High-end gourmet food shops often carry artisanal cheeses and chocolates that are perfect for making fondue. These shops may also offer unique fondue ingredients such as truffles, smoked meats, or infused oils.

10. International Food Markets

Many large cities have international food markets where you can find a variety of foods from different countries. These markets often feature cheese, chocolate, and other ingredients that are commonly used in fondue.

Cost of Fondue at Restaurants

At a fondue restaurant, the cost of fondue can range from $20 to $50 per person, depending on the type of fondue and the quality of ingredients used. Some restaurants may charge extra for dipping items, such as bread, vegetables, or meats. Additionally, the price may vary depending on the location of the restaurant and the level of service offered.

Cost of Making Fondue at Home

Making fondue at home can be a more cost-effective option compared to eating out. The cost of ingredients can range from $10 to $20 per person, depending on the type of cheese or chocolate used. Specialty cheeses and chocolates can be more expensive, but using regular supermarket products can still result in a delicious fondue.

Tips for Reducing the Cost of Fondue

To make fondue more affordable, there are several tips to keep in mind.

1. First, use regular cheese or chocolate instead of specialty options.

2. Make sure to shop around for the best prices on ingredients.

2. Use a smaller amount of dipping items to stretch the fondue further.


Fondue is a delicious and versatile dish that has been enjoyed for centuries. Whether you are looking to make fondue at home or explore new fondue restaurants and markets, there are plenty of options available. Pairing wine with fondue is also an excellent way to enhance the flavors of the dish and make for an unforgettable dining experience.

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